PAEDIATRIC SURGERY

Paediatric surgery is a subspecialty of surgery involving the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Pediatric surgery arose in the middle of the 20th century as the surgical care of birth defects required novel techniques and methods.

Subspecialties of Paediatric surgery itself include neonatal surgery and fetal surgery, it also includes other areas of surgery like Paediatric cardiothoracic surgery, Paediatric nephrological surgery, Paediatric urological surgery and Paediatric Neurosurgery.

Common pediatric diseases that may require Paediatric surgery include:

  • congenital malformations: lymphangioma, cleft lip and palate, esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, intestinal atresia, necrotizing enterocolitis, meconium plugs, Hirschsprung's disease, imperforate anus, undescended testes
  • abdominal wall defects: omphalocele, gastroschisis, hernias
  • chest wall deformities: pectus excavatum
  • childhood tumors: like neuroblastoma, Wilms' tumor, rhabdomyosarcoma, ATRT, liver tumors, teratomas
  • Separation of conjoined twins
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