SAHYADRI HOSPITAL
blog post

Early Signs and symptoms of diabetes

By Dr. Milind Patil

Diabetes is one of the major health concerns in India . Almost 72 million people are suffering with diabetes. If we have knowledge regarding the early symptoms and signs of diabetes, then it will be easier for doctors to detect diabetes at an earlier stage and this will also benefit the patients. Diabetes is also beginning to appear much earlier in life in India, meaning that chronic long-term complications are becoming more common.

Diabetes can develop at any age, from children to old age. So, let us understand the early signs of diabetes in patient are :

Diabetes Symptoms in Children

  • Bedwetting
  • Unexplained WeightLoss
  • Loss ofappetite

Diabetes Symptoms in Adults

  • Frequenturination.
  • ExcessiveThirst
  • IncreasesAppetite
  • Weight loss (Despite a GoodAppetite)
  • GenitalInfections
  • Slow-HealingSores

These are some of the common signs of diabetes . Nearly 50% of diabetes victims do not show any early signs of this disease. According to American Diabetic Association Guidelines ,it’s important to perform diabetes screening .

So doctor screen the patients with risk factors such as , those who have BMI more than 25, if someone has a family history of diabetes, people who are suffering from heart or BP issues, in case of women screening is done for PCOD (irregular periods) patients or ladies have diabetes from pregnancy or whose baby weight was more than normal .these people should monitor diabetes regularly..

The others who do not have above risk factors need to check diabetes after the age of 40 . Sometimes while performing routine screening the patient shows some level of diabetes in the reports and then the patient tends to wonder how I got diabetes when I had no such signs or symptoms . It's already said that 50% of patients do not show any early signs of diabetes .

Regular check-up needs to be done . the people who belong to the risk category, after 25 years should at least go for diabetes check-up once a year . The people who do not possess such risk factors but are showing early symptoms of diabetes such as frequent urination , weight loss , tingling in hands etc need to consult a doctor soon as possible and check your sugar levels.

The people who are above 40 and do not have any symptoms nor are under high risk category should regularly check sugar once in a year.

Preventions

  • Eat healthy foods. Choose foods lower in fat and calories and higher in fibre. Focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Strive for variety to prevent boredom.
  • Get more physical activity. Aim for 30 minutes of moderate physical activity a day. Take a brisk daily walk. Ride your bike. Swim laps. If you can't fit in a long workout, break it up into smaller sessions spread throughout theday.
  • Lose excess pounds. If you're overweight, losing even 7 percent of your body weight — can reduce the risk of diabetes. To keep your weight in a healthy range, focus on permanent changes to your eating and exercise habits. Motivate yourself by remembering the benefits of losing weight, such as a healthier heart, more energy and improvedself-esteem.

Sometimes medication is an option as well. But healthy lifestyle choices remain essential. Have your blood sugar checked at least once a year If you're older than 40 or have other risks for diabetes, it's important to get tested. When you spot the condition early, you can avoid nerve damage, heart trouble, and other complications.