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What Are The Different Types of Robotic Knee Replacement?

Robotic knee replacement has revolutionized the way we approach knee surgeries, offering precision and customization previously unattainable. But what type of knee replacement is the best suited for you? Which one will offer you better relief?

Well, understanding its types and benefits can help you make an informed decision about this life-changing procedure.

Regular Knee Replacement: The Standard Conventional Approach


In the realm of knee replacement surgeries, the Posterior Cruciate Stabilized (PCS) knee replacement stands as the traditional choice.

This method employs a mechanical structure, specifically a cam and spike combination, to take over the role of the patient’s posterior cruciate ligament. The primary objective of this setup is to facilitate knee bending, mimicking the crucial function of the natural ligament it replaces.

The PCS knee replacement, however, comes with its limitations. One significant drawback is its inability to fully replicate the knee’s natural rotational movements.

Unlike a natural knee, which can rotate and pivot, providing a range of motion, the PCS knee replacement operates more like a hinge. It moves primarily along a single axis, which can limit the range and fluidity of motion.

While effective in aiding knee movement, especially in bending, this conventional approach doesn’t offer the complete dynamism of a natural knee’s movement.

Patients with a PCS knee replacement might notice a difference in how their knee can move and feel during certain activities, compared to the more comprehensive range of motion offered by more advanced knee replacement options

Read More: Knee Replacement Surgery: How to Avoid It?

The Rotating Hinge/Rotating Platform Knee: A Step Forward in Knee Replacement

Addressing the limitations of the conventional Posterior Cruciate Stabilized (PCS) knee replacement, the medical field has seen a significant advancement with the introduction of the Rotating Hinge/Rotating Platform Knee. This innovative model is designed to provide a more natural knee function by enabling both bending and rotational movements.

The key feature of this advanced knee replacement is its ability to closely mimic the natural movements of a human knee. Unlike the PCS knee replacement, which functions primarily in a hinged manner along a single axis, the Rotating Hinge/Rotating Platform Knee introduces the ability to rotate. This capability is a game changer as it offers a range of motion much closer to that of a natural knee.

Patients receiving this type of knee replacement typically report a greater sense of comfort and a more natural feeling in their knee movements. Activities that require pivoting or twisting movements become more manageable, offering an improved quality of life.

The added rotational function not only enhances mobility but also contributes to the overall satisfaction of patients who lead active lifestyles or simply wish to perform daily activities without the mechanical limitations of a traditional knee replacement.

Read More: What Are the Foot Problems After Knee Replacement?

Who Should Opt for Rotating Platform Knee?

The suitability of a Rotating Platform Knee depends on the patient’s specific conditions and needs. Generally, patients with stronger muscle strength are ideal candidates for this type of replacement.

This is because a powerful muscle base is required to support and stabilize the rotating platform. Younger, more muscular patients often benefit the most from this type of replacement.

On the other hand, patients over the age of 70-75 might find the Rotating Platform Knee less suitable due to potentially decreased muscle strength, which can lead to instability in the knee post-surgery.

Exploring Other Advanced Knee Replacement Options

In addition to the conventional and rotating platform knee replacements, there have been significant advancements in knee replacement materials and designs, offering more options to suit different patient needs.

Advanced Surface Knee Replacement

The Advanced Surface Knee Replacement is a notable development in this field. This type is particularly designed with cutting-edge materials and a unique design to minimize wear and tear. The focus here is on enhancing the durability of the knee replacement.

By reducing the rate at which the artificial joint wears out, this type extends the life of the knee replacement, potentially benefiting patients by delaying or eliminating the need for future revision surgeries. This is especially advantageous for younger patients or those leading active lifestyles, as it promises a longer-lasting solution to their knee problems.

Zirconium Dioxide Knee Replacement

Another innovative approach is the Zirconium Dioxide Knee Replacement. This type stands out for its use of zirconium dioxide, a ceramic material known for its exceptional durability and compatibility with the human body.

The key benefit of zirconium dioxide is its ability to significantly reduce friction and wear within the joint. This reduction in friction not only extends the life of the knee replacement but also contributes to a smoother, more natural movement of the knee.

The compatibility of this material with the human body further reduces the risk of allergic reactions and enhances overall patient comfort.

The Benefits of Robotic Knee Replacement

Robotic knee replacement surgery offers several advantages over traditional methods:

  • Precision: Robots assist surgeons in planning and performing the surgery with extreme accuracy.
  • Customization: Each procedure can be tailored to the patient’s specific anatomy and needs.
  • Reduced Risk of Complications: The precision of robotic assistance minimizes risks associated with traditional knee replacement surgeries.
  • Faster Recovery: Patients often experience a quicker return to their daily activities.

Wrapping Up

Robotic knee replacement represents a significant advancement in orthopedic surgery, offering patients more personalized and effective treatment options.

While the choice of the type of knee replacement depends on individual patient factors such as age, muscle strength, and overall health, the advancements in this field are providing new hope and improved quality of life for many suffering from debilitating knee problems.

As always, consulting with a knowledgeable and experienced orthopedic surgeon is crucial to determining the best course of action for each unique patient.

We hope this article has offered you the much-needed insight on the different types of knee replacements. Still have some doubts? Well, our experts are here to answer all your queries and solve all your doubts. So feel free to talk to us. We will guide you to the right path.

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