Some persons may have poor health due to the interaction of certain conditions with fat. This may result in a lowered standard of living, incapacity, or even fatality.
How obesity Impact on body and health?
Diabetes and Obesity
Loss of limbs (amputations), heart disease, stroke, blindness, high blood pressure, nerve damage and numbness, etc. are all possible complications of type 2 diabetes.
Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease
The risk of heart failure is raised by obesity. There is a correlation between extreme obesity and cardiac rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias or irregular heart rate). These arrhythmias may triple the risk of cardiac arrest (the heart stops beating).
Obesity and Cancer
An estimated 90,000 annual cancer deaths may be attributed to obesity. Increases in both cancer incidence and mortality rate are shown in correlation with rising BMIs. Such malignancies consist of:
- Cervical cancer
- Colorectal cancer
- Endometrial cancer
- Esophageal cancer
- Gallbladder cancer
- Kidney cancer
- Liver cancer
- Multiple myeloma
- Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
- Ovarian cancer
- Pancreatic cancer
- Postmenopausal breast cancer
- Prostate cancer
- Thyroid cancer
Obesity, Depression, and Quality of Life
It’s not easy to free yourself from a predicament if you’re being held hostage by more than one difficulty. A person’s heart, knees, and hips all suffer when overweight.
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Obesity and Sexual & Social Life
Obesity and Lung Function/Respiratory Disease
A person’s ability to take deep breaths is negatively impacted by fat. They have restricted lung capacity and can’t take deep breaths. Infections of the respiratory system (the lungs), asthma, and other breathing problems pose a greater threat to these patients. People who are overweight are three times as likely to get asthma.
50–60% of the obese population suffers from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). In extreme situations of obesity, this percentage exceeds 90%. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OSP) is a life-threatening condition. Obstructive sleep apnea develops when excess fat in the neck, throat, and tongue closes up airways while the person is sleeping.
Obesity and Musculoskeletal Disorders
Disorders of the bones and joints are exacerbated by obesity. These problems may make it more likely that someone will be hurt in an accident. Possible causes of bone and joint problems are:
- Back pain
- Disc herniation
- Illnesses affecting the joints (arthritis)
- Spinal disorders
Confusion, disorientation, headache, and vision issues are all symptoms of pseudotumor cerebri, a disorder that raises intracranial pressure.
Obesity and Other Conditions
- Alzheimer’s disease: Obesity in middle age has been linked to an increased risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, which impair memory and cognitive function in older people.
- Kidney Failure: Key contributors to kidney disease and kidney failure include hypertension, diabetes, and heart failure. Obesity contributes to or exacerbates certain health problems.
- Liver Disease: Fatty liver and non-alcoholic liver disease are strongly associated with obesity. Fatty liver disease is common among the morbidly obese. Scarring of the liver from fatty liver disease may decrease liver function and eventually lead to cirrhosis and liver failure.
- Other life-threatening issues: A woman’s risk of experiencing complications, including miscarriage, gallbladder illness, pancreatitis, and other digestive system disorders, rises when she has diabetes or high blood pressure.
- Other issues that affect the quality of life: Stress due to urine incontinence (leaking), ovarian enlargement (and hence infertility), and skin fold rashes.
Almost every system in the body suffers from the effects of obesity. Many risks associated with being overweight may be reduced or eliminated by combining dietary and physical activity improvements and other behavioral interventions.
The chance of acquiring certain health problems may be lowered by losing about 5 to 10 percent of your body weight. Ensure to consult with your doctor.
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