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Symptoms of Heart Attack and How to Prevent It?

Heart attack is a very serious issue in India. Almost 13-14% of the population is affected by this issue. Hence it is very imperative to have good knowledge about heart attacks. Heart attack is also known as myocardial infarction or acute coronary syndrome in medical terms.

In case of a heart attack, there is a blockage in the coronary arteries or heart muscles affected by a lack of blood supply. There are many symptoms of a heart attack. Let us read about the symptoms of a heart attack.

Symptoms of heart attack

There are few symptoms of a heart attack. They are:

  • Discomfort or chest pain

The discomfort or chest pain is often known to be angina pectoris. This usually happens at the centre of the chest. This pain also gets spread throughout the left arm and left shoulder. The discomfort or the chest pain often feels like unnecessary pressure fullness, squeezing or sudden pain.

  • Dyspnea or shortness of breath

Due to a heart attack, you may also feel short of breath or dyspnea. This is usually caused by the heart having a low supply of blood.

When you face such a symptom, always opt for taking advice from the doctors because deaths that are caused due to heart attacks happen during the first hour. The initial one hour is known to be the Golden Hour. With immediate treatment for shortness of breath, the arteries of the heart can be prevented from getting damaged.


To keep your heart healthy and prevent it from heart attacks, you must maintain the following advices. They are:

  • Changes in your lifestyle

It is vital to bring changes in your lifestyle if you want to avoid the chances of a heart attack. You must always modify your lifestyle and lead a healthy lifestyle.

  • Eat healthy food

Try to limit unnecessary ingredients in your diets such as oil, ghee and saturated fats. Try to include plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits.

  • Avoid tobacco and smoking

Smoking tends to increase blood pressure and put you at greater risk of a heart attack. Quitting smoking will help to lower the chances of a heart attack.

  • Get regular exercise

Make sure to exercise daily as it helps to strengthen your heart as well as improve blood circulation. Do exercises like walking, yoga, meditation and aerobics.

  • Control your blood pressure and diabetes

Controlling blood pressure and diabetes helps you to stay at lower risks of a heart attack. High diabetes can damage the nerve and the blood vessels.

The bottom line

Always try to have a good piece of knowledge about heart attack. This will help you avoid this problem and stay healthy.

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    About Author

    Dr. Mangesh Udar DNB (Internal Medicine) DNB (Neurology

    Dr. Jagjeet Deshmukh

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