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What is the Treatment and Prevention of Varicose Veins?

Almost 23 percent of adults are believed to have varicose veins. Although varicose veins are painless; however, you can face aching legs, swollen ankles, etc. If the valves in the veins fail to work properly, the blood won’t flow properly through your veins. 

At times, having faulty veins, especially enlarged and swollen veins often lead to poor blood flow. When dealing with varicose veins, you will notice bluish or purple veins around your legs. Due to faulty veins, the veins allow the blood to flow in the wrong direction. 

Doppler test is one of the best ways to find out about the condition. At times, in the worst-case scenario, you can face problems like rupturing of the veins, varicose ulcers on the skin, etc. Due to this reason, correct treatments at the right time are necessary. Here are some of the effective treatments

Treatments Varicose veins

Normally, if the patient does not show any symptoms, treatments are not compulsory, especially if you do not feel any discomfort. However, if the symptoms bother you, it is best to opt for the treatments.

Symptoms like leg ulcers, swelling, and skin discoloration are best to cure with the treatments. When it comes to the treatments, mainly there are two different types of treatments available. Mainly there are two types of treatments available, surgical and non-surgical. 

Compression stockings

This is one of the effective procedures and the non-surgical procedure that effectively helps in preventing varicose veins. Modern-day compression stockings are quite sophisticated as they are designed for applying consistent pressure on your legs.

Consistent pressure helps the blood to travel back to your heart. Ideally, stockings help in putting pressure, especially in the ankles as well as feet. As a result, you will feel extra pressure and squeeze, which supports blood flow. 

Ideally. Compression stockings help in improving some of the visible symptoms of the varicose veins. Moreover, it even helps in eliminating the painful symptoms as well. You have to keep wearing the stockings for at least eight to ten hours for best results. 

You will come across different types of compression stockings. But, make sure that you are choosing the right one that will show the best results. Some of the common compression stockings that you will get are support pantyhose, prescription stockings, etc. 

After wearing the stockings for one to two weeks, doctors evaluate your condition. In case your condition improves, doctors mostly do not recommend any surgery. Most of these are knee-high stockings and these help in promoting effective circulation, especially when exercising. 

Pinhole surgery or Ligation and stripping

It is a minimally invasive surgery and the recovery procedure is quick. In this process, a small incision is made on the target vein and the other one in the down leg. Through surgery, the top of the vein is sealed and tied. 

Doctors use a thin flexible wire through the bottom of the vein, which is then pulled out. Pin-hole surgery is mostly done through local anesthesia or general anesthesia. Being a daycare surgery, it is done mostly during the morning. The damaged vein is sealed and you can get back to work by the next day.

Read MoreVaricose Veins: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments?

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    Varicose veins prevention

    Varicose veins can develop due to multiple reasons. Some of the common risk factors include age, pregnancy, obesity, hormonal replacement, etc. Apart from that, various habitual reasons are also responsible for varicose veins like prolonged standing or sitting.

    Nevertheless, there are various preventive measures that you can take. The preventive measures will make sure to prevent your condition from getting worse. Here are some of the preventive measures that you can adopt.

    One of the best and the easiest preventive method of varicose veins is exercise. You have to keep practicing leg movement as it helps in proper blood movement. Apart from that, it helps in stretching calve muscles as well as hamstrings. 

    You can stretch and tone your legs that reduce the swelling of the veins. Make sure to practice the exercise after every half an hour. If you have to sit for long hours, then taking a brisk walk is yet another one of the best solutions. It will help in proper blood pumping.

    Therefore, these are some of the common treatments as well as preventive measures that you should take for varicose veins.

    About Author

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    Dr. Kaurabhi Zade

    Consultant – Interventional Radiologist
    Contact: +91 88888 22222
    Email – [email protected]

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