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Heart Attack – Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factor, Prevention

Infarction is the death of tissue caused by a lack of blood supply, usually caused by a blood clot or a narrowing of the blood vessel channel. An infarct/heart attack is the term for dead tissue.

Angina pectoris is chest pain or shortness of breath caused by a lack of oxygen-rich blood reaching the heart muscles. This pain may occur while walking, running, or simply sitting. Sometimes it is also referred to as unstable angina pain.

Some patients only witness breathlessness. This is termed Atypical Angina.

Here’s a brief on Heart attack/ Angina pectoris

Symptoms of Heart Attack

The symptoms are visible anywhere from your chin to your lower back. 

  • Excessive Fatigue
  • Pain in the chest
  • Breathing problems such as shortness of breath
  • Pain in back, neck, jaw
  • Changes in skin colour or a greyish pallor (linked to weakness)
  • Anxiety at an all-time high
  • Loss of awareness or fainting
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Palpitations (feeling like your heart is beating too fast or irregularly)
  • Sweating, which can be excessive

When Should You See a Doctor?

If you notice any indicators of heart disease, contact your doctor straight away. Waiting for the symptoms to go away or dismissing them as nothing is a bad idea. 

If you need immediate assistance, local emergency number. You should dial 108 for ambulance support.

  • You’re experiencing chest discomfort or other heart attack symptoms.
  • You know you have angina when your chest pain doesn’t disappear after 5 minutes of rest or nitroglycerine.
  • You believe you’re experiencing a heart attack.
  • You start to feel out of breath.
  • You believe you may have passed out.

Read More – हार्ट अटैक (Heart Attack) लक्षण, कारण, उपचार क्या है?

Have queries or concern ?

    Causes and Potential risk factors

    In the case of young women who have regular periods, the estrogen hormone acts as a small self-protective mechanism against heart disease. It is critical to review the personal profiling of each individual. These are the things to think about.

    Family History/ Genetic disorder of heart –

    A family history of heart disease increases your risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a parent developed it at an early age (or male relative, such as your brother or father, and female relatives, such as your mother or sister)


    Diabetes raises your chances of developing heart disease. Patients having diabetes are prone to getting a heart attack. Obesity and high blood pressure are common risk factors for heart illnesses.

    Tobacco/ Cigarette/ Smoking/ Alcohol –

    Nicotine constricts blood arteries, while carbon monoxide damages their inner lining, increasing the risk of atherosclerosis. Smokers have a higher risk of heart attacks than nonsmokers.


    Being overweight exacerbates existing heart disease risk factors.

    Western cuisine:

    Eating a lot of outside food or oily food raises your cholesterol, indirectly raising your risk of heart disease.

    Sedentary lifestyle:

    A lack of exercise is linked to many types of heart disease and some of the disease’s other risk factors.


    Unresolved stress can harm your arteries and exacerbate other heart disease risk factors.

    Acidity is a concept that is frequently misinterpreted. However, it is a common symptom of a heart attack & associated with other symptoms. In such instances, always seek medical advice. It’s always preferable to be safe than sorry. 

    Excessive Sweating is another common symptom that should not be overlooked. Pay heed to these warning signs and get medical help as soon as possible.

    Considering the lifestyle that we have adopted, Every adult in their 40s should have a cardiac test at least once a year. The following are the names of the test:

    • Blood sugar
    • Blood pressure
    • Lipid profiling
    • Cholesterol profiling 
    • Stress testing

    Also, please obtain a 2D Echo/ Cardiac Ultrasonography exam at least once in your life. Alternatively, if you have any of the symptoms mentioned above, please see a doctor avoid coronary artery disease.

      Read MoreDifference Between Open Heart Surgery and Bypass Surgery?


      Lifestyle modifications that can help you improve your heart health can also help you prevent it, such as:

      • Please don’t smoke.
      • On most days of the week, exercise for at least 30 minutes.
      • Consume a low-salt, low-saturated-fat diet.
      • Maintain a healthy body mass index (BMI).
      • Stress may be reduced and managed.
      • Maintain a healthy level of hygiene.

      Please do not hesitate to call the doctor if you have any questions. If you are suffering from heart-related problems then you can come to our hospital. We are one of the best hospitals in Pune, and our team of cardiologists is highly qualified and experienced.


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