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What is Circumcision? Reasons and Methods for Circumcision

The glans (head) of the penis is uncovered during the circumcision process, and the corresponding foreskin is removed. Typically, circumcision occurs soon after a baby is born. The practice of circumcision has religious roots.

These days, circumcision is practiced for spiritual, health, and cultural reasons. The practice of circumcision dates back hundreds of years. In many cultures, circumcision is a common practice for newborn males. To a lesser extent, circumcision is performed on adults.

Reasons to Undergo Medical Circumcision

Adults are less likely to be circumcised than children. More time is needed, and there is a higher risk of tissue damage. Some disorders, such as phimosis, paraphimosis, and balanitis, may be less likely to develop.

  • Phimosis: Pain and urinary issues may result from phimosis, a condition caused by an inability to draw back the foreskin. Tight foreskin may result from genetics, scarring, infection, or inflammation in males. Topical corticosteroids and circumcision are two possible treatments.

  • Paraphimosis: When the foreskin becomes caught behind the penis’s head, a condition known as paraphimosis develops. Catheter insertion is one example of a medical procedure that might cause this condition. Medical attention must be sought immediately for paraphimosis. Gangrene may develop if left untreated. Although circumcision is not required for treatment, most physicians prescribe it after that to avoid a recurrence of the illness and its associated swelling.

  • Balanitis: Inflammation or swelling of the penis head is called balanitis. Possible causes include sexually transmitted infections, thrush, skin irritations, and other skin conditions. In guys who have had their circumcisions performed, this is a rare occurrence. Balanitis is avoidable after circumcision.

Circumcision is also used to remove cancerous tissue from the prepuce of those who have already been diagnosed with it. After birth, circumcision is performed to correct Hypospadias Epispadias if the urethral orifice is in a different location.

There is no requirement for a healthy infant to undergo the circumcision procedure. Still, there are a variety of factors that might influence a family’s decision to circumcise their son. Religious tenets are a major factor. Others include:

  • Personal decision
  • Preferences concerning appearance
  • The resultant reduction in the risk of certain diseases
  • The ambition of some dads is to have their kids take after them physically

Consensual circumcision, on the other hand, is performed on a large number of persons who do not have an objection to the procedure.

Methods for Circumcision

Following are the methods used in Circumcision:

  • Conventional Circumcision: The patient may place their dissolving stitches using scissors and a surgical blade.
  • Stapler Circumcision: Additionally, known as ZSR Circumcision, this causes less blood loss. It doesn’t take long to get back on your feet after surgery, and the process is swift. However, this circumcision cannot be performed on a patient with an active infection in the penile skin.
  • Laser Circumcision: In this procedure, laser energy is utilized to eliminate unwanted layers of skin.

Circumcision Aftercare

The doctor will recommend a blood test if he decides circumcision is necessary. Most patients are hospitalized the day after surgery since it is considered a day case. The doctor then treats the wound and sends the patient home; a few days later, they call to ensure the dressing is holding up.

After undergoing Conventional Circumcision, you should rest for at least two days, and it may take anywhere from 10-14 days to fully heal.


It’s standard practice to circumcise newborn males. One of the advantages of circumcision is that it simplifies the process of keeping the penis clean.

Diseases like urinary tract infections may be mitigated or avoided altogether after circumcision. Consult your doctor before deciding whether or not circumcision is best for you or your child.

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Dr. Yogesh Kaje

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