Reversal of Diabetes
There was a say few years ago, once diabetic always diabetic
But now in this era new terminology Reversal of diabetes
Is it possible to Reverse Diabetes?
The answer to this question is there is no cure for diabetes, but studies show it is possible for some people to reverse it. Through changes in diet, exercise and weight loss one can attain normal blood sugars without medications.
According to studies diabetes can be reversed for two to five years. Diabetes is an ongoing process, so you need to keep a good track of diet and exercise. But it is possible for some people to go years without trouble controlling sugars.
Only Type 2 diabetes can be reversed.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes accounting for 90% of cases.
Understanding the underlying cause of type 2 diabetes: ” Insulin resistance”
Insulin resistance happens when your blood Glucose levels are too high because cells in your muscles, fat and liver have stopped responding well to the insulin.
Insulin is a hormone produced by pancreas and helps converting glucose to energy. Yes, at first, the body produces more insulin to compensate but eventually, it cannot keep up with levels of resistance.
What are ways to Reduce Diabetes?
1. Weight loss reducing weight, achieving BMI between 21 to 25 helps in reversing diabetes in following ways:
- Diet modification /lifestyle modification
Diet modification involves no part about your diet and high protein diet. Patients are given 800 to 1000 calories, which are low in carbohydrates. Along with that if patient follows regular exercise routine then there are high chances of reversal.
When a person reduces weight, the fat deposits over the liver and pancreas are removed. This increases insulin sensitivity and helps reduce diabetes.
The quality of food must be changed according to your goal. Include foods like good fats, whole grain, lean meat protein like fish and poultry . Soy beans, fresh veggies and fruits. Limited alcohol.
2. Bariatric surgery
Bariatric surgery is a type of surgery that is used to reduce stomach size. It reduces 20 to 30% of body weight.
3. Newer medications
Like VICTOZA or RYBELSUS which are available for weight loss are now new ways to reduce weight and reverse diabetes, but of course with Diabetologist’s consultation.
Have queries or concern ?
The reason for the relapse of diabetes is because sometimes the patient is not able to maintain weight. If sugars and HbA 1C starts rising one should consult a diabetologist, who will suggest best possible treatment to reduce sugars either in form of medication or weight loss and exercise.
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