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Benign Breast Lumps: Causes, Types & Treatment

What are Benign Breast Lumps?

Discovering a lump in your breast can be a worrying experience. However, it’s important to know that many breast lumps are benign, meaning they are not cancerous. Understanding these benign lumps and how they can be best managed is crucial for peace of mind and proper care.

In this post, we will take a look at all the different types of breast lumps.

What Are the Types of Benign Breast Lumps?

Breast lumps vary in type and characteristics. The most common types include:
  • Fibroadenoma

Fibroadenomas are common, benign breast lumps often found in women aged 15 to 30. These lumps are influenced by hormonal changes, notably estrogen, which explains their prevalence during reproductive years.

They’re usually non-cancerous and can vary greatly in size, from as small as a pea to as large as a golf ball or even bigger.

These lumps are characterized by their smooth, rubbery texture, and are typically movable and painless. Giant fibroadenomas, which grow over 5 centimeters, can distort breast shape and might need removal for cosmetic reasons or to ease discomfort.

Diagnosis involves physical exams, mammography, or ultrasound, and often a biopsy, usually through a minimally invasive procedure like Vacuum Assisted Biopsy (VAB).

Treatment depends on the size and impact of the lump. While smaller, stable fibroadenomas might only require monitoring, larger ones causing discomfort or rapid growth are usually surgically removed.

Also Read, The Stages of Breast Cancer


  • Phyllodes Tumors

Phyllodes tumors are less common and can be found in the breast’s connective tissue. Unlike fibroadenomas, they can behave more aggressively and are categorized as benign, borderline, or malignant.

They tend to grow quickly, sometimes causing noticeable changes in breast size or shape.

These tumors are challenging to diagnose as they resemble fibroadenomas in imaging tests. A biopsy, often a core needle biopsy, is crucial for accurate differentiation. In some cases, a surgical biopsy might be necessary.

Treatment mainly involves surgical removal, ensuring a margin of healthy tissue to prevent recurrence. For malignant phyllodes tumors, additional treatments like chemotherapy or radiation might be considered.

Post-treatment, regular follow-ups are essential, especially for borderline and malignant types, due to the risk of recurrence. This includes check-ups and imaging tests to monitor for any changes.

Also, you may want to know, When to Worry About Breast Lumps?

  • Breast Cysts

Breast cysts are fluid-filled sacs within the breast, commonly resulting from hormonal changes, especially in women aged 35 to 50. These cysts can feel like a grape or a water-filled balloon, but sometimes they might be firm.

Causes and Types

Hormonal fluctuations, often linked to the menstrual cycle, are the primary cause of breast cysts. There are two types: microcysts, which are too small to feel, and macrocysts, large enough to be felt and potentially painful.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Breast cysts are usually discovered during breast exams, mammograms, or ultrasounds. To confirm they’re not cancerous, a biopsy or needle aspiration might be done. In needle aspiration, a thin needle is used to drain fluid from the cyst, which can also serve as a treatment if the cyst is painful.

Large cysts, especially those causing discomfort or persisting through multiple menstrual cycles, might require surgical removal. However, most breast cysts are benign and may resolve on their own.

Also, you may want to know, How to Cure a Breast Lump?

  • Galactocele: Breastfeeding-Related Lumps

Galactoceles are milk-filled cysts that commonly occur in breastfeeding women, usually as a result of a blocked milk duct. They typically present as smooth, round, and firm lumps in the breast and are often painless.

Causes and Characteristics

During breastfeeding, the milk can accumulate and form a cyst if a duct is blocked. These cysts might appear during or shortly after the breastfeeding period.

Diagnosis and Management

Galactoceles are typically diagnosed through clinical examination and imaging tests like ultrasound, which can differentiate them from other types of lumps. Sonography is particularly helpful in identifying their fluid-filled nature.

In terms of treatment, galactoceles may resolve on their own once breastfeeding is stopped. However, if they cause discomfort or persist, aspiration or surgery might be needed. Aspiration involves using a needle to drain the cyst, a simple and effective procedure.

In some cases, particularly if there’s any concern about the nature of the lump, surgical removal may be recommended.


  • Papilloma and Lipoma

Papillomas and lipomas in the breast are two different types of benign tumors.

Papillomas are small, wart-like growths that develop in the ducts of the breast. They often cause nipple discharge and can be multiple in one breast. While not usually painful, they can be bothersome and concerning.

Lipomas, on the other hand, are soft, fatty lumps. They’re typically painless and feel a bit squishy. Both these lumps are generally harmless but can mimic more serious conditions.

For diagnosis, a doctor may use imaging tests like mammograms or ultrasounds, and sometimes a biopsy to confirm they’re not cancerous. Surgical removal is the standard treatment, mainly to ease any discomfort and for definitive diagnosis.

The surgery for these lumps is usually straightforward and recovery is quick. However, it’s important to keep an eye on any new lumps or changes in the breast and to regularly consult with a healthcare provider for peace of mind and proper management.


Wrapping Up

If you find a breast lump, we understand it can be alarming. However, it’s important to note that many of these tumors are benign and can be easily managed. So when you understand them and identify them, they can be managed easily.  

The most important thing is the regular breast examination and consulting an oncologist. They are key to early detection and effective management of any breast lumps, benign or otherwise. Always consult your doctor for personalized advice and treatment options. Remember, early detection and proper care can make a significant difference.

And if you still have any more questions related to the benign lumps, we are always here to help. Do not hesitate to talk to us. Reach out and we will ensure you get all the support and answers to your questions.

About Author

Dr. Shama Shaikh

Dr. Shama Shaikh-Surve

General Surgeon
Contact: +91 88888 22222
Email – [email protected]

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